|Turnbull, from the Gates series, 2016|
To tackle obvious matters first, his paper is Bergger and the resist is Liquetex Soluvar. Many of you will say, aha! Bergger means a high silver content and therefore really dense blacks. Well, not so fast my friends. Here at the blog we view that attitude as urban legend - not the silver content per se but the blackness of the blacks, which is not at all correlated with silver content according to Richard Henry in his Controls in Black and White Photography, 2nd edition, 1987, who has done the experiments. Once you get to Dmax, the maximum black, additional silver does nothing, and you can get to Dmax quite easily with a broad range of papers. We feel Rich used it because he simply had it available and wanted to finish off the box.
Soluvar varnish is another matter altogether. In the old days, our experience with Soluvar as a chemigram resist was that it was indistinguishable from Golden MSA varnish and was very good indeed. Then, unannounced, the Liquetex folks must have added a polymer for brittleness to the formulation, who knows what they were thinking, for Soluvar suddenly assumed a very different character and became a niche product with quirks only a specialist could love. Cracks, fissures, crazed rifts went everywhere, branching from one another down to the smallest of scales. For the basic chemigram it was not something you'd want to use. But Rich is not just anyone.
Let's go to the man himself. 'I made the outer and center vertical incisions with an X-acto knife to define the working space,' he says, 'then drew the grids freehand with a pin tool, commonly used in bookbinding [Rich also makes artist's books]. I didn't tape the paper down when coating it with Soluvar, and since paper curls toward the emulsion, the rather soupy varnish pooled a bit in the center so that my incisions didn't quite penetrate through the thicker areas of varnish, resulting in the large open area at bottom center.'
But this was a sought-after effect, indeed the entire pivot of the image. He goes on while addressing one the the classic difficulties of the chemigram, the tyranny of the grid: 'I've done my share of carefully ruled grids on chemigrams of course, but of late I've worked with hand-drawn grids to unbalance the balanced nature of the grid, which is all about superimposed order anyway.'
For Turnbull, who in the summer months lives on the edge of a forest in the far western part of Massachusetts and survives, according to some, on a diet of bear-meat and gin, the received impression from the Gates series can be - take your pick - melted nylon, ripped flesh, an old fence where something large and terrifying has bitten its way through and is now roaming ever nearer, and so on. This is not easy work, but a punishing reward for the mind. Best perhaps to stay indoors and enjoy it from there.